Tsunesaburo Makiguchi
Value-Creating Education

Rather than provide knowledge itself, we must encourage the joy and excitement that arise from learning.

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Tsunesaburo Makiguchi
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Theory of Value Creation

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1928-1936      Theory  of  Value  Creation
1928 June 57 Meets Sokei Mitani (1878-1932), principal of Mejiro Commercial School, who urges Makiguchi to commit to Nichiren Buddhism. After discussing Nichiren's treatise On Establishing the Correct Teaching for the Peace of the Land and other writings for some ten days, Makiguchi converts to Nichiren Buddhism. Later, Toda converts to Nichiren Buddhism at Makiguchi's urging. more>>  
1929 May 31 58 Death of eldest son, Tamiki, of tuberculosis (aged 30).  
  Oct 24     The New York stock market crashes, heralding the onset of the Great Depression.

1930 Feb 59 Toda suggests the name Soka (Value-Creating) Education for the book Makiguchi is planning to publish, after Makiguchi stresses that the purpose of his educational pedagogy is the creation of value.

Makiguchi and Toda, c.1930

  Spring   Publication of the pamphlet An Overview of the System of Value-Creating Pedagogy. more>>  
  Nov 18   Foundation of Soka Kyoiku Gakkai and publication of Volume I of Soka kyoikugaku taikei (The System of Value-Creating Pedagogy). more>>

Soka kyoikugaku taikei (The System of Value-Creating Pedagogy)

  Nov 20   The educational magazine Kankyo (Environment) (publisher: Jogai Toda) carries a testimonial "In Support of Value-Creating Pedagogy" signed by 28 prominent individuals, including future prime minister Tsuyoshi Inukai (1855-1932).

"In support of Value-Creating Pedagogy" signed by 28 prominent individuals.

1931 Mar 5 60 Publication of Volume II of The System of Value-Creating Pedagogy. more>>  
  Apr 10   Becomes principal of Azabu Shimpori Elementary School, and also its affiliated night school. more>>  
  July   Visits the newly established Kankiryo Temple of the Nichiren Shoshu school, administered by Taiei Horigome (later High Priest Nichijun). more>>  
  Sep 18     Elements of the Kwantung Army blow up a railway line near Mukden, starting the Manchurian Incident.

The Japanese invasion of Manchuria, 1936

1932 Mar 1 61   Manchukuo is established as a puppet state recognized only by Japan.
  Mar 31   Closure of Azabu Shimpori Elementary School; Makiguchi's long career as a teacher and principal comes to an end. more>>  
  May 15     Prime Minister Tsuyoshi Inokai is assassinated in failed coup attempt; incident marks effective end of democratic rule in Japan.
  July 15   Publication of Volume III of The System of Value-Creating Pedagogy. more>>  
  Oct 3   Death of fourth daughter, Kimi (aged 13).  
1933 Mar 27 62   An imperial edict makes official Japan's withdrawal from the League of Nations.

Hitler welcomed by Mussolini on his visit to Italy, January 1933

  Apr 5   Publication of the tenth edition of Research into Community Studies as the Integrating Focus of School Education with major revisions and additional material.  
1934 June 20 63 Publication of Volume IV of The System of Value-Creating Pedagogy. more>>  
  Autumn   Many young educators gather at meetings of Soka Kyoiku Gakkai.  
1935 Spring 64 Meets with a group of young teachers from Nagano Prefecture who lost their jobs following a police crack-down on leftist educators. Lectures to them on the subject of the relative suitability of the Lotus Sutra and Marxism as vehicles for social reform. Several young educators join Soka Kyoiku Gakkai.  
      Soka Kyoiku Gakkai establishes a Research Division, headed by Makiguchi with Toda as managing director. more>>  
  Spring   Publication of the pamphlet An Outline of the System of Value-Creating Pedagogy. more>>  
  Summer   Launch of Shinkyo (New Teachings), a periodical publication of the Soka Kyoiku Gakkai, with Toda as publisher.

Shinkyo (New Teachings)

1936 Jan 19 65 Attends the first study session on the "Essential Teachings of the Fuji School." more>>  
  May 28   Attends emergency board meeting of Shinkyo, where a new editorial policy is discussed and it is decided to change the name to Kyoiku kaizo (Educational Reform).  
  Aug 13-16   Participates in the first Soka Kyoiku Gakkai Training Course at Taiseki-ji, the head temple of Nichiren Shoshu.  

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