Tsunesaburo Makiguchi
Value-Creating Education

Rather than provide knowledge itself, we must encourage the joy and excitement that arise from learning.

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Tsunesaburo Makiguchi
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Old Textbooks

The following are examples of how Japan's militarist and imperialist policies were expressed in state-sanctioned elementary school textbooks during the pre-1945 period.

Early 1900s - During Sino-Japanese and Russo-Japanese wars

Colonial Era

Before the Pacific War